The development of renewable energy sources is key in combating global climate change. Nevertheless renewable energy developments – such as wind farms, tidal power schemes and solar farms – may themselves potentially impact wildlife. Working with government and industry stakeholders, our work aims to improve the evidence-base on these impacts, to inform spatial planning, assessment and monitoring. Our research has focussed on:
- Understanding interactions between species and developments
- Improving impact assessment methodologies
- Determining population-level impacts
Avian vulnerability to wind farm collision through the year: insights from Lesser Black-backed Gulls (Larus fuscus) tracked from multiple breeding colonies
New BTO research has explored how vulnerable Lesser Black-backed Gulls breeding in Britain are to collisions with wind turbines whilst on migration and during the winter months, as well as during...
Quantifying avian avoidance of offshore wind turbines: Current evidence and key knowledge gaps
Dodging the blades: gulls and wind farms
Initial findings suggest that Lesser Black-backed Gulls in north-west England fly within wind farms, but may avoid wind turbines once there.
Assessing the impact of offshore wind farms on seabird populations
New research from the BTO has examined the different analytical tools used to assess the likely population-level impact of offshore wind farm developments on seabirds, finding that these vary...
Assessing offshore wind farm impact assessments for breeding seabirds
As the number of offshore wind farms increases, it is important to correctly assess the impact that these developments can have on wildlife. New research led by the BTO examines this situation for...
Liz's current job is to develop research projects principally concerned with wetland and marine issues. Her most recent work has focused on understanding the impacts of the renewable industry on seabirds. Previously to joining the BTO, Liz's main research interests involved quantifying the factors that determine the foraging performance and energetics of seabirds.
Is offshore wind farm risk to seabirds constant?
Offshore wind farms are being developed on an unprecedented scale, but their effect on wildlife is not yet well understood. BTO research shows how seabirds’ use of an area earmarked for wind...
Understanding the risk of birds colliding with offshore wind turbines
Accurately estimating birds’ risk of collision with offshore wind turbines is a key part of the decision-making process for proposed renewable developments. However, the evidence base for...
Resolving issues with environmental impact assessment of marine renewable energy installations
Connectivity between seabird features of protected sites and offshore wind farms: Lesser Black-backed Gulls and Great Skuas through the breeding, migration and non-breeding seasons
Scottish skuas in changing seas
Scotland has a large number of offshore sites where marine renewable developments (including wind, wave and tidal-stream installations) are proposed or under construction.The effect of these...
High flying birds at greater risk of collision with offshore wind turbines
New research by the BTO reveals that most seabirds fly near the sea surface, avoiding collision with wind turbines by flying under the blades. Those birds that fly higher above the sea are...