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It is BTO’s policy to make public the results of our research. Our aim is to publish as much as possible of our work in the peer reviewed scientific literature.  Many results are also published in our BTO Research Report series.

Gutiérrez‐Cánovas, C., Worthington, T.A., Jâms, I.B., Noble, D.G., Perkins, D.M., Vaughan, I.P., Woodward, G., Ormerod, S.J. & Durance, I. 2021. Populations of high‐value predators reflect the traits of their prey. Ecography 44 : 1-13 View Abstract Link to Article (DOI: 10.1111/ecog.05438)
Kettel, E.F., Lakin, I., Heydown, M.J., Siriwardena, G.M. 2021. A comparison of breeding bird populations inside and outside of European Badger Meles meles control areas. Bird Study Link to Article (DOI: 10.1080/00063657.2021.1889460)
Green, R.E., Taggart, M.A., Pain, D.J., Clark, N.A., Clewley, L., Cromie, R., Elliot, B., Green, R.M.W., Huntley, B., Huntley, J., Leslie, R., Porter, R., Robinson, J.A., Smith, K.W., Smith, L., Spencer, J. & Stroud, D. 2021. Effect of a joint policy statement by nine UK shooting and rural organisations on the use of lead shotgun ammunition for hunting common pheasants Phasianus colchicus in Britain. Conservation Evidence 18 : 1-9 View Abstract
Green, R.E., Syroechkovskiy, E.E., Anderson, G.Q.A., Chang, Q., Chowdhury, S.U., Clark, J.A., Mohammod Foysal, M., Gerasimov, Y., Hughes, B., Kelly, C., Lappo, E., Lee, R., Leung, K.K.S., Li, J., Loktionov, E.Y., Melville, D.S., Phillips, J., Tomkovich, P.S., Weston, E., Weston, J., Yakushev, N. & Clark, N.A. 2021. New estimates of the size and trend of the world population of the Spoon-billed Sandpiper using three independent statistical models. Wader Study 128 Link to Article (DOI: 10.18194/ws.00218)
Nicolau, P.G., Burgess, M.D., Marques, T.A., Baillie, S.R., Moran, N.J., Leech, D.I. & Johnston, A. 2021. Latitudinal variation in arrival and breeding phenology of the pied flycatcher Ficedula hypoleuca using large-scale citizen science data. Journal of Avian Biology Link to Article (DOI: 10.1111/jav.02646)
Martín‐Vélez, V., van Leeuwen, C.H.A., Sánchez, M.I., Hortas, F., Shamoun‐Baranes, J., Thaxter, C.B., Lens, L., Camphuysen, C.J. & Green, A.J. 2021. Spatial patterns of weed dispersal by wintering gulls within and beyond an agricultural landscape. Journal of Ecology Link to Article (DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.13619)
Brown, J.M., van Loon, E.E., Bouten, W., Camphuysen, K.C.J., Lens, L., Müller, W., Thaxter, C.B. & Shamoun‐Baranes, J. 2021. Long‐distance migrants vary migratory behaviour as much as short‐distance migrants: an individual‐level comparison from a seabird species with diverse migration strategies. Journal of Animal Ecology Link to Article (DOI: 10.1111/1365-2656.13431)
Buchan, C., Gilroy, J.J., Catry, I., Bustamante, J., Marca, A.D., Atkinson, P.W., González, J.M. & Franco, A.M.A. 2021. Carryover effects of long-distance avian migration are weaker than effects of breeding environment in a partially migratory bird. Scientific Reports 11 Link to Article (DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-80341-x)
Largey, N., Cook, A.S.C.P., Thaxter, C.B., McCluskie, A., Stokke, B.G., Wilson, B. & Masden, E.A. 2021. Methods to quantify avian airspace use in relation to wind energy development. Ibis Link to Article (DOI: 10.1111/ibi.12913)
Jellesmark, S., Ausden, M., Blackburn, T.M., Gregory, R.D., Hoffmann, M., Massimino, D., McRae, L. & Visconti, P. 2021. A counterfactual approach to measure the impact of wet grassland conservation on UK breeding bird populations. Conservation Biology Link to Article (DOI: 10.1111/cobi.13692)
Goddard, M.A., Davies, Z.G., Guenat, S., Ferguson, M.J., Fisher, J.C., Akanni, A., Ahjokoski, T., Anderson, P.M.L., Angeoletto, F., Antoniou, C., Bates, A.J., Barkwith, A., Berland, A., Bouch, C.J., Rega-Brodsky, C.C., Byrne, L.B., Cameron, D., Canavan, R., Chapman, T., Connop, S., Crossland, S., Dade, M.C., Dawson, D.A, Dobbs,C., Downs, C.T., Ellis, E.C., Escobedo, F.J., Gobster, P., Gulsrud, N.M., Guneralp, B., Hahs, A.K., Hale, J.D., Hassall, C., Hedblom, M., Hochuli, D.F., Inkinen, T., Ioja, I.-C., Kendal, D., Knowland, T., Ingo Kowarik, I., Langdale, S.J., Lerman, S.B., MacGregor-Fors, I., Manning, P., Massini, P., McLean, S., Mkwambisi, D.D., Ossola, A., Luque, G.P., Pérez-Urrestarazu, L., Perini, K., Perry, G., Pett, T.J., Plummer, K.E., Radji, R.A., Roll, U., Potts, S.G., Rumble, H., Sadler, J.P., de Saille, S., Sautter, S., Scott, C.E., Shwartz, A., Smith, T., Snep, R.P.H. et al 2021. A global horizon scan of the future impacts of robotics and autonomous systems on urban ecosystems. Nature Ecology & Evolution Link to Article (DOI: 10.1038/s41559-020-01358-z)
Newson, S.E., Middleton, N., & Pearce, H. 2020. The acoustic identification of small terrestrial mammals in Britain. British Wildlife 32 : 186-194 View Abstract
Samplonius, J.M., Atkinson, A., Hassall, C., Keogan, K., Thackeray, S.J., Assmann, J.J., Burgess, M.D., Johansson, J., Macphie, K.H., Pearce-Higgins, J.W., Simmonds, E.G., Varpe, Ø., Weir, J.C., Childs, D.Z., Cole, E.F., Daunt, F., Hart, T., Lewis, O.T., Pettorelli, N., Sheldon, B.C. & Phillimore, A.B. 2020. Strengthening the evidence base for temperature-mediated phenological asynchrony and its impacts. Nature Ecology & Evolution Link to Article (DOI: 10.1038/s41559-020-01357-0)
Darvill, B., Harris, S.J., Martay, B., Wilson, M. & Gillings, S. 2020. Delivering robust population trends for Scotland's widespread breeding birds. Scottish Birds 40 (part 4) : 297-304
Marchowski, D., Ławicki, Ł., Fox, A.D., Nielsen, R.D., Petersen, I.K., Hornman, M., Nilsson, L., Haas, F., Wahl, J., Kieckbusch, J., Nehls, H.W., Calbrade, N., Richard Hearn, R., Meissner, W., Fitzgerald, N., Luigujoe, L., Zenatello, M., Gaudard, C. & Koschinski, S. 2020. Effectiveness of the European Natura 2000 network to sustain a specialist wintering waterbird population in the face of climate change. Scientific Reports 10 Link to Article (DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-77153-4)
Alder, D.C., Poore, A., Norrey, J., Newson, S.E. & Marsden, S.J. 2020. Irregular silviculture positively influences multiple bat species in a lowland temperate broadleaf woodland. Forest Ecology and Management Link to Article (DOI: 10.1016/j.foreco.2020.118786)
Sutherland, W.J., Atkinson, P.W., Broad, S., Brown, S., Clout, M., Dias, M.P., Dicks, L.V., Doran, H., Fleishman, E., Garratt, E.L., Gaston, K.J., Hughes, A.C., Le Roux, X., Lickorish, F.A., Maggs, L., Palardy, J.E., Peck, L.S., Pettorelli, N., Pretty, J., Spalding, M.D., Tonneijck, F.H., Walpole, M., Watson, J.E.M., Wentworth, J. & Thornton, A. 2020. A 2021 Horizon Scan of Emerging Global Biological Conservation Issues. Trends in Ecology and Evolution Link to Article (DOI: 10.1016/j.tree.2020.10.014)
Finch, T., Day, B.H., Massimino, D., Redhead, J.W., Field, R.H., Balmford, A., Green, R.E. & Peach, W.J. 2020. Evaluating spatially explicit sharing‐sparing scenarios for multiple environmental outcomes. Journal of Applied Ecology Link to Article (DOI: 10.1111/1365-2664.13785)
Harris, M.P., Blackburn, J., Budworth, D. & Blackburn, A.C. 2020. Sule Skerry – an overspill gannetry from Sule Stack. Seabird 32 : 96-105 View Abstract
Johnston, D.T., Furness, R.W., Robbins, A.M.C., Tyler, G.C. & Masden, E.A. 2020. Camera traps reveal predators of breeding Black Guillemots Cepphus grylle. Seabird 32 : 72-83 View Abstract
Kolnegari, M., Moghimi, E., Allahdad, M., Hazrati, M., Akbar Basiri, A., Jafari, R., Yekanik, M., Jalalpour, M., Sajjad Jalali, A., Mojaradiafra, M., Abbasi Kohan, H., Reza Izadi, H., Williams, N.P., Ferrer, M. & Conway, G.J. 2020. First efforts to address bird collisions with power lines in Iran. Sandgrouse 42 : 276-281
Delmore, K.E., Van Doren, B.M., Conway, G.J., Curk, T., Garrido-Garduño, T., Germain, R.R., Hasselmann, T., Dieter Hiemer, D., van der Jeugd, H.P., Justen, H., Ramos, J.S.L., Maggini, I., Meyer, B.S., Phillips, R.J., Remisiewicz, M., Roberts, G.C.M., Sheldon, B.C., Vogl, W. & Liedvogel, M., 2020. Individual variability and versatility in an eco-evolutionary model of avian migration. Proceedings of the Royal Society B Link to Article (DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2020.1339)
Kolnegari, M., Conway, G.J., Akbar Basiri, A., Panter, C.T., Hazrati, M., Rafiee, M.S., Ferrer, M. & Dwyer, J.S. 2020. Electrical Components Involved in Avian-Caused Outages in Iran. Bird Conservation International Link to Article (DOI: 10.1017/S0959270920000507)
Evens, R., Conway, G., Franklin, K., Henderson, I., Stockdale, J., Beenaerts, N., Smeets, K., Neyens, T., Ulenaers, E. & Artois, T. 2020. DNA diet profiles with high‐resolution animal tracking data reveal levels of prey selection relative to habitat choice in a crepuscular insectivorous bird. Ecology and Evolution Link to Article (DOI: 10.1002/ece3.6893)
Breeze, T.D., Bailey, A.P., Balcombe, K.G., Brereton, T., Comont, R., Edwards, M., Garratt, M.P., Harvey, M., Hawes, C., Isaac, N., Jitlal, M., Jones, C.M., Kunin, W.E., Lee, P., Morris, R.K.A., Musgrove, A., O'Connor, R.S., Peyton, J., Potts, S.G., Roberts, S.P.M., Roy, D.B., Roy, H.E., Tang, C.Q., Vanbergen, A.J. & Carvell, C. 2020. Pollinator monitoring more than pays for itself. Journal of Applied Ecology Link to Article (DOI: 10.1111/1365-2664.13755)
Gaget, E., Pavón‐Jordán, D., Johnston, A., Lehikoinen, A., Hochachka, W.M., Sandercock, B.K., Soultan, A., Azafzaf, H., Bendjedda, N., Bino, T., Božič, L., Clausen, P., Dakki, M., Devos, K., Domsa, C., Encarnação, V., Erciyas‐Yavuz, K., Faragó, S., Frost, T., Gaudard, C., Gosztonyi, L., Haas, F., Hornman, M., Langendoen, T., Ieronymidou, C., Kostyushin, V.A., Lewis, L.J., Lorentsen, S.-H., Luiujoe, L., Włodzimierz, L., Tibor, M., Mikuska Molina, B., Musilová, Z., Natykanets, V., Paquet, J.-Y., Petkov, N., Portolou, D., Ridzoň, J., Sayoud, S., Šćiban, M., Sniauksta, L., Stīpniece, A., Strebel, N., Teufelbauer, N., Topić, G., Uzunova, D., Vizi, A., Wahl, J., Zenatello, M. & Brommer, J.E. 2020. Benefits of protected areas for nonbreeding waterbirds adjusting their distributions under climate warming. Conservation Biology 35 : 834-845 Link to Article (DOI: 10.1111/cobi.13648)
Kettel, E.F., Woodward, I.D., Balmer, D.E. & Noble, D.G. 2020. Using citizen science to assess drivers of Common House Martin breeding performance. Ibis Link to Article (DOI: 10.1111/ibi.12888)
Massimino, D., Harris, S.J. & Gillings, S. 2020. Phenological mismatch between breeding birds and their surveyors and implications for estimating population trends. Journal of Ornithology 162 : 143-154 Link to Article (DOI: 10.1007/s10336-020-01821-5)
Åkesson, S., Atkinson, P.W., Bermejo, A., de la Puente, J., Ferri, M., Hewson, C.M., Holmgren, J., Kaiser, E., Kearsley, L., Klaassen, R.H.G., Kolunen, H., Matsson, G., Minelli, F., Norevik, G., Pietiäinen, H., Singh, N.J., Spina, F., Viktora, L. & Hedenström, A. 2020. Evolution of chain migration in an aerial insectivorous bird, the Common Swift Apus apus. Evolution Link to Article (DOI: 10.1111/evo.14093)
Jarrett, D., Calladine, J., Cotton, A., Wilson, M.W. & Humphreys, E. 2020. Behavioural responses of non-breeding waterbirds to drone approach are associated with flock size and habitat. Bird Study Link to Article (DOI: 10.1080/00063657.2020.1808587)
Jones, L.P., Turvey, S.T., Massimino, D. & Papworth, S.K. 2020. Investigating the implications of shifting baseline syndrome on conservation. People and Nature Link to Article (DOI: 10.1002/pan3.10140)
Pearce-Higgins, J.W. & Chandler, D. 2020. Do surveys of adult dragonflies and damselflies yield repeatable data? Variation in monthly counts of abundance and species richness. Journal of Insect Conservation Link to Article (DOI: 10.1007/s10841-020-00260-0)
Howard, C., Stephens, P.A., Pearce‐Higgins, J.W., Gregory, R.D., Butchart, S.H.M. & Willis, S.G. 2020. Disentangling the relative roles of climate and land cover change in driving the long‐term population trends of European migratory birds. Diversity and Distributions Link to Article (DOI: 10.1111/ddi.13144)
Sutherland, W.J., Alvarez‐Castañeda, S.T., Amano, T., Ambrosini, R., Atkinson, P., Baxter, J.M., Bond, A.L., Boon, P.J., Buchanan, K.L., Barlow, J., Bogliani, G., Bragg, O.M., Burgman, M., Cadotte, M.W., Calver, M., Cooke, S.J., Corlett, R.T., Devictor, V., Ewen, J.G., Fisher, M., Freeman, G., Game, E., Godley, B.J., Gortázar, C., Hartley, I.R., Hawksworth, D.L., Hobson, K.A. Lu, M.-L., Martín‐López, B., Ma, K., Machado, A., Maes, D., Mangiacotti, M., McCafferty, D.J., Melfi, V., Molur, S., Moore, A.J., Murphy, S.D., Norris, D., van Oudenhoven, A.P.E., Powers, J., Rees, E.C., Schwartz, M.W., Storch, I. & Wordley, C. 2020. Ensuring tests of conservation interventions build on existing literature. Conservation Biology 34 : 781-783 Link to Article (DOI: 10.1111/cobi.13555)
Massimino, D., Beale, C. M., Suggitt, A. J., Crick, H. Q. P., Macgregor, N. A., Carroll, M. J., Maclean, I. M. D. & Pearce-Higgins, J. W. 2020. Can microclimate offer refuge to an upland bird species under climate change?. Landscape Ecology Link to Article (DOI: 10.1007%2Fs10980-020-01069-7)
Cooke, S.C., Balmford, A., Donald, P.F., Newson, S.E. & Johnston, A. 2020. Roads as a contributor to landscape-scale variation in bird communities. Nature Communications 11 Link to Article (DOI: 10.1038/s41467-020-16899-x)
Plummer, K.E., Gillings, S. & Siriwardena, G.M. 2020. Evaluating the potential for bird‐habitat models to support biodiversity‐friendly urban planning. Journal of Applied Ecology 57 : 1 902-1 914 Link to Article (DOI: 10.1111/1365-2664.13703)
Fuller, R.J. & Green, T. 2020. Breeding bird communities within a parkland-woodland continuum: the distinctiveness of wood-pasture. Arboricultural Journal Link to Article (DOI: 10.1080/03071375.2020.1767965)
Malm, L.E., Pearce‐Higgins, J.W., Littlewood, N.A., Karley, A.J., Karaszewska, E., Jaques, R., Pakeman, R.J., Redpath, S.M. & Evans, D.M. 2020. Livestock grazing impacts components of the breeding productivity of a common upland insectivorous passerine: Results from a long‐term experiment. Journal of Applied Ecology Link to Article (DOI: 10.1111/1365-2664.13647)
Espín, S., Andevski, J., Duke, G., Eulaers, I., Gómez-Ramírez, P., Hallgrimsson, G.T., Helander, B., Herzke, D., Jaspers, V.L.B., Krone, O., Lourenço, R., María-Mojica, P., Martínez-López, E., Mateo, R., Movalli, P., Sánchez-Virosta, P., Shore, R.F., Sonne, C., van den Brink, N.W., van Hattum, B., Vrezec, A., Wernham, C. & García-Fernández, A.J. 2020. A schematic sampling protocol for contaminant monitoring in raptors. Ambio Link to Article (DOI: 10.1007/s13280-020-01341-9)
Maund, P.R., Irvine, K.N., Lawson, B., Steadman, J., Risely, K., Cunningham, A.A. & Davies, Z.G. 2020. What motivates the masses: Understanding why people contribute to conservation citizen science projects. Biological Conservation 246 Link to Article (DOI: 10.1016/j.biocon.2020.108587)
Lawson, B., Robinson, R.A. Parmar, M., Killick, R., Cunningham, A.A. & MacDonald, S.J. 2020. Aflatoxin and ochratoxin A residues in supplementary foods used for wild birds. Science of The Total Environment 731 Link to Article (DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.138851)
Seward, A., Taylor, R.C., Perrow, M.R., Berridge, R.J., Bowgen, K.M., Dodd, S., Johnstone, I. & Bolton, M. 2020. Effect of GPS tagging on behaviour and marine distribution of breeding Arctic Terns Sterna paradisaea. Ibis Link to Article (DOI: 10.1111/ibi.12849)
Fay, F., Schaub, M., Border, J.A., Henderson, I.G., Fahl, G., Feulner, J., Horch, P., Müller, M., Rebstock, H., Shitikov, D., Tome, D., Vögeli, M. & Grüebler, M.U. 2020. Evidence for senescence in survival but not in reproduction in a short-lived passerine. Ecology and Evolution Link to Article (DOI: 10.1002/ece3.6281)
Robinson, R.A., Meier, C.M., Witvliet, W., Kéry, M. & Schaub, M. 2020. Survival varies seasonally in a migratory bird: linkages between breeding and non‐breeding periods. Journal of Animal Ecology Link to Article (DOI: 10.1111/1365-2656.13250)
Pavón-Jordán, D., Abdou, W., Azafzaf. H., Balaž, M., Bino, T., Borg, J.J., Božič, L., Butchart, S.H.M., Clausen, P.., Sniauksta, L., DakkiM., Devos, K., Domsa, C., Encarnaçao, V., Etayeb, K., Faragó, S., Fox, A.D., Frost, T., Gaudard, C., Georgiev, V., Goratz, I., Hornman, M., Keller, V., Kostiushyn, V., Langendoen, T., Ławicki, Ł., Ieronymidou, C., Lewis, L.J., Lorentsen, S.-H., Luigujoe, L., Meissner, W., Mikuska, T., Molina, B., Musil, P., Musilova, Z., Nagy, S., Natykanets, V., Nilsson, L., Paquet, J.-Y., Portolou, D., Ridzon, J., Santangeli, A., Sayoud, S., Šćiban, M., Stipniece, A., Teufelbauer, N., Topić, G., Uzunova, D., Vizi, A., Wahl, J., E.Yavuz, K.E., Zenatello, M. & Lehikoinen, A. 2020. Positive impacts of important bird and biodiversity areas on wintering waterbirds under changing temperatures throughout Europe and North Africa. Biological Conservation 246 Link to Article (DOI: 10.1016/j.biocon.2020.108549)
Cooke, S.C., Balmford, A., Johnston, A., Newson, S.E. & Donald, P.F. 2020. Variation in abundances of common bird species associated with roads. Journal of Applied Ecology Link to Article (DOI: 10.1111/1365-2664.13614)
Robinson, R.A., Sanders, J.D. & Rees, E.C. 2020. Survival of Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata differs by season but not breeding origin. Wader Study 127 : 25-30 Link to Article (DOI: 10.18194/ws.00176 )