Winter Gull Survey

Black-headed Gull. Sarah Kelman / BTO

The Winter Gull Survey collects information about our wintering gull populations, through the coordinated effort of volunteer surveyors across the UK.

In winter, gulls flock together to roost communally on lakes, reservoirs and estuaries, in groups that can reach the thousands.

The Winter Gull Survey (WinGS) will run over the winters of 2023/24 and 2024/25 to collect updated information on the numbers and distributions of these wintering gulls in the UK, the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man.

WinGS volunteers visit gull roost sites, counting five key species: Black-headed Gull, Common Gull, Lesser Black-backed Gull, Herring Gull and Great Black-backed Gull. These gulls are all of conservation concern, and their breeding populations are either Amber- or Red-listed in the UK.

Gathering more detailed information about wintering populations, and which roost sites they rely on, will help us protect them and develop more effective conservation strategies.

Time / skill required

  • At least one evening visit to a gull roost or potential roosting site in January, with the option to conduct an autumn count and additional visits to sample squares.
  • You must be able to identify gull species as they come to roost, potentially in low light levels.
Project Lead
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Project timeline, contributions & findings

Project timeline

  • Oct 2023: Volunteer sign-up for winter counts (2023/24)
  • Jan 2024: Survey visit(s) for winter counts
  • Mar 2024: Data submission
  • Apr 2024: Volunteer sign-up for autumn counts (2024)
  • Autumn 2024: Survey visit(s) for autumn counts
  • Sept 2024: Sign-ups for winter counts (2024/25)
  • Jan 2025: Survey visit(s) for winter counts
  • Mar 2025: Data submission
  • 2026: Report and papers published

Funding organisations

The Winter Gull Survey is supported by Defra, Country Nature Conservation Agencies and BTO.