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The long term trends of woodland, farmland and upland birds in Scotland

Scottish Breeding Bird Indicator updated

Thursday, November 28, 2019 - 09:30

The latest update of the Indicator for Terrestrial Breeding Birds in Scotland has just been released. These official statistics, published by Scottish Natural Heritage (SNH), track the abundance of Scotland’s terrestrial breeding birds using results from the BTO/JNCC/RSPB Breeding Bird Survey and other sources. The latest figures show a positive long-term trend for the woodland bird indicator in Scotland, with this group increasing by 58% between 1994 and 2018. The long-term trend for the farmland bird indicator is also positive, with Goldfinch, Whitethroat and Reed Bunting among the species contributing to a 12% increase. The upland bird indicator declined by 15% during this period. Short-term changes suggest that the so-called 'Beast from the East' had a negative impact on many resident species.

Our ability to report changes in such detail is a testament to the power of citizen science, and highlights the valuable contributions of volunteers throughout Scotland. 

Read more about the latest Scottish indicator.

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Polesia sunset. Daniel Rosengren

Calling in the wilderness - a PhD opportunity

21 Nov 2019

By 2020, the BTO will be in its second year of an exciting 5-year landscape restoration program in Belarus and Ukraine – ‘Wilderness without borders: creating one of the largest natural landscapes in Europe’. The project aims to designate new, and upgrade existing conservation areas, to create a transboundary protected and interconnected core area of 1.2 million ha., within the wider Prypiat / Polesia area covering approximately 5.8 million ha.

This project will examine the potential of passive acoustic monitoring (PAM) as a tool for providing large-scale baseline data for nocturnal wildlife. Specifically, the student will combine the deployment of acoustic recorders in the Prypiat and Polesia wilderness area with analysis of acoustic data.

... read more

Tennyson the Cuckoo

Meet the Cuckoo class of 2019

25 Jun 2019

Thanks to the BTO's Cuckoo Tracking Project we are learning more about Cuckoo migration. There are still important questions to answer, so we have fitted four more Cuckoos with satellite tags this spring. Senan, Valentine, Tennyson and Nussey join eight existing birds, all of which should make their way south during the next few weeks. Follow their exciting journeys.

BBC Gardenwatch

Explore your garden this spring with Gardenwatch

24 May 2019

Together, the UK’s gardens cover a larger area than all National Nature Reserves combined and arguably form our most important nature reserve. As towns and city become more densely populated and expand into the wider countryside, gardens are becoming an increasingly vital refuge for wildlife. But which birds, mammals, minibeasts and other wildlife do we share our gardens with, and why? And more importantly, what can we do to help support them? We want to carry out the UK’s biggest ever garden audit, building a picture of the resources available for wildlife in gardens up and down the country, and surveying some of the wild visitors they attract.

Learn more about Gardenwatch and take part.

Waterbirds in the UK 2017-18 cover

Waterbirds in the UK 2017/18

16 May 2019

The latest BTO/RSPB/JNCC Wetland Bird Survey report has been published, covering the period July 2017 to June 2018. Explore all the data and trends, including waterbird totals for all WeBS sites – from 382,523 on The Wash to just 18 on Welton village pond – on the WeBS Report Online, where you can also map the latest Low Tide Counts survey results.

The latest report includes articles focusing on Curlew, Barnacle Goose, Redshank, Shelduck, and the waterbirds of rivers. The latest wintering waterbird population estimates are also included, revealing which species are the most abundant of the 13 million waterbirds that winter in the UK.

With data available... read more

Goldcrest. Bethan Clyne

BBS Report reveals impact of 'Beast from the East'

02 May 2019

The new BBS report shows the impact that severe 2018 weather may have had on some of our birds. The Beast from the East hit some of our smaller resident birds whilst strong desert winds hampered spring migration for some of our summer migrants.

Read the latest BBS Report now.

Waxwing. Photograph by John Harding

Put BTO on your wish list this Christmas

11 Dec 2019

With a choice of two great free gifts, ask someone for BTO membership this Christmas to support the work of BTO and the insights we can provide into the lives of birds.

Buy BTO Gift Membership

Hedgehog. Sarah Kelman

Gardenwatch results revealed

22 Oct 2019

Gardenwatch was launched on BBC Springwatch in May 2019, and asked people for information on garden features and wildlife across the country. The responses have given us fascinating new information on how people help wildlife in their gardens, and where there is still more that can be done.

The report covers 31 different wildlife-friendly garden features and practices, from feeding Badgers to leaving long grass to grow. A number of recommended practices are not as widespread as they could be, and some of these are things that people can start doing right away.

Read the Gardenwatch results summary now

Bar-tailed Godwit. Nick Clayton

UK wetlands get a health check

22 Oct 2019

It has been six years since the last UK wetlands health check when just a third of the featured waterbirds were flagged with long-term alerts, highlighting issues that were in need of investigation. Fast-forward six years and almost half of featured waterbirds have been flagged with long-term alerts. Birds such as Scaup, Goldeneye and Purple Sandpiper have all seen population declines and are becoming increasingly reliant on the Special Protection Areas (SPA’s) that are designed to protect them. The Wetland Bird Survey Alerts, published today, assesses change for 471 site-species populations on 82 SPA’s, and for the first time a further 1,266 assessments were carried out for 220 Sites of Special Scientific Interest and Areas of Special Scientific Interest. Whilst overall winter numbers... read more

BTO Christmas items

Christmas gifts from BTO

14 Oct 2019

This year we have four beautiful christmas card designs, two wonderful paintings from artist Steve Cale (Lapwing with Highland Cow and Brambling & Chaffinch), and two stunning photgraphs from David Tipling (Ptarmigan and Mistle Thrush). Along with the ever-popular BTO calendar (with great species images and key dates for core BTO surveys), we also have a range of recommended books that would be perfect for birders, both experienced and beginner alike.

Browse the BTO Christmas Collection now

... read more

Turtle Dove by Mike Weston

State of Nature 2019

03 Oct 2019

More species have decreased in abundance than have increased since 1970 and species distribution has fallen by 5%. Thanks to the dedication of thousands of volunteers who go out throughout the year and across years collecting information and submitting data, reports such as this are possible, without them the information available would be much poorer. As a result 8,431 terrestrial and freshwater species have been assessed. Read the full report now.

Monitoring breeding birds. David Tipling

Updated biodiversity indicators

12 Sep 2019

The updated set of 24 Government Biodiversity Indicators for 2019 were published on 5 September. This document includes 'C5 Birds of the Wider Countryside and At Sea', which shows the changing fortunes of farmland, woodland, breeding and wintering waterbirds and seabirds from 1970 to 2017. BTO monitoring data also contribute to 'C4 Status of UK Priority Species,' with 104 bird species trends used in the measure of changes in abundance, as well as to 'A2 Taking Action for Nature: Time Spent Volunteering', 'B6 Pressure from Invasive Species', and to the new provisional 'Functional Connectivity indicator (C2)'. The 60-page downloadable report also shows progress in mainstreaming biodiversity, the... read more

New WeBS Online data home screenshot

New look WeBS Online

07 Aug 2019

The data entry system for the Wetland Bird Survey (WeBS), WeBS Online, has been updated. The functionalities remain largely the same, with some improvements of course! Guidance is available on the WeBS Counter Resources page and video tutorials on the new look system will follow shortly.

BTO Guided Walk at Birdfair

Join BTO for a walk at Birdfair

26 Jul 2019

Join one of BTO's bird experts at Birdfair 2019 on a free guided walk around Rutland Water Nature Reserve. There are four walks a day at 9.45am, 11.15am, 1.45pm and 3.15pm. Each walk last around 90 minutes, usually stopping off at least one hide. Sunday morning's first walk of the day is slightly different. Deb Lee, Head of Engagement, will lead a Mindful Birdwatching walk, where no binoculars will be needed!

Guided walks are free but please book in advance to guarantee your choice, as places are limited. Some places may be available on the day, check at the BTO Main Stand (Marquee 3).

Book a walk now

Migfest 2019

Migfest 2019

15 May 2019

Tickets are now on sale for Spurn Migration Festival 2019. The festival runs from 6-8 September and will celebrate the autumn migration of birds. The keynote talk is by Professor of Ornithology, Per Alstrom, and will be followed during the weekend by many others exploring the spectacle of migration, and of course there will be birds. Don't miss out, get your tickets now.

Cuckoo by Edmund Fellowes

Our first Cuckoos are back

25 Apr 2019

As part of our quest to improve our understanding of bird migration we have been satellite-tracking Cuckoos that breed here in the UK. This work has revealed the wintering grounds of UK Cuckoos in Africa and the routes they take to get there and back. We've been tracking twelve Cuckoos since last summer and now the first birds have made it back the the UK. Find out which Cuckoos are the first to arrive back in the UK.

Barn Owls in 2019: update from Colin Shawyer

18 Apr 2019

Widely recognised for his work on the study and conservation of owls and raptors, biologist and professional ecologist Colin Shawyer has collaborated with the BTO on projects such as Project Barn Owl (1995-1997) and the Barn Owl Monitoring Programme (2000-2009). As founder and co-ordinator of the Barn Owl Conservation Network (BOCN), Colin is in contact with Barn Owl ringers and nest recorders across the country and oversees the annual monitoring of over 3,000 nest boxes.

2018 summary

The Barn Owl breeding season was poor throughout much of Great Britain in 2018, characterised by nests failing with eggs and small chicks—especially so for pairs that laid in early-to-mid April—and successful nests averaging broods of only 1.5–1... read more

revised homepage

Key changes to the new BTO website

16 Apr 2019

The BTO website was relaunched on Wednesday 1 May, with changes to the way it is presented and how content is organised.

Technically, it should better adapt to a range of devices, and the organisation of content is changing to help visitors better understand what the BTO does and what it can offer them.

In addition, the relaunch will bring several new types of content that we hope users will find valuable, including case studies on BTO work that has made an impact, a new blog discussing the context and challenges of what BTO does, and articles on understanding birds and developing skills.

Below are some key... read more

White Admiral by Mike Toms / BTO

Butterflies bounce back

08 Apr 2019

The latest results from the Wider Countryside Butterfly Survey, to which BBS volunteers contribute, have just been published. Butterfly numbers can fluctuate markedly between years in response to weather conditions and the relatively hot and dry 2018 season was generally good for butterflies such as the rare Black Hairstreak and Large Blue, as well as the more common Brown Argus and Speckled Wood.

Mediterranean Gull by Dawn Balmer

Northern Ireland Seabird Report 2018

22 Mar 2019

Puffin numbers remain stable, Herring and Lesser Black-backed Gull both increase and Mediterranean Gull breeds in its highest numbers in 2018. You can read about the fortunes of 20 seabird species in the latest Northern Ireland Seabird Report

Tagged Cuckoos 12 March 2019

Our Cuckoos are on their way back

12 Mar 2019

Nine of our satellite tagged Cuckoos have made it to West Africa, from where they will prepare to cross the Sahara desert in the next few weeks and make their way back to their breeding grounds in Britain. Follow the Cuckoos as they undertake their amazing spring migration.


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